Olgii has a domestic connection with Ulaanbaatar and occasional flights to Hovd and Ulaangov. There are plans to start a flight to Almaty, Kazakhstan. Two airlines currently fly between Ulaanbaatar and Olgii, with flights several times a week; AeroMongolia (http://aeromongolia.mn/) and Hunnu Air (http://www.hunnuair.com/en). None of these airlines have connection agreements with any international airlines or are listed on internet travel websites; therefore, you will have to book these flights separately. You can book directly on the website, in person, or through a domestic travel agent.
Olgii is on the Asian Highway 4 (AH4) that connects Novosibirsk, Russia to Karachi, Pakistan via Mongolia and China. It passes through Ürümqi and Kashgar in Xinjiang, China before becoming the famous Karakorum Highway, then continuing down to the Arabian Sea. The stretch through Mongolia was finished in 2019. From the Russian border to Olgii is the A0306 (97 km), from Olgii to Hovd is the A0305 (178 km), and from Hovd to the Chinese border is the A14 (428 km). The paved road towards Ulaanbaatar continues as far as Govi-Altai as of Nov. 2019.
Driving to Olgii is surprisingly popular with several hundred people a year passing through on the Mongol Rally (London to UB, https://www.theadventurists.com/adventures/mongol-rally/). There is no official route, though the Tsaagannuur border crossing in Bayan-Olgii is the most popular point of entry.
A good source on driving in Mongolia:
The buses between Olgii and Ulaanbaatar have recently been upgraded to a Coach-style bus as the paved road nears completion. The last gap between Govi-Altai and Bayankhongor is still under construction, but a relatively flat part of Mongolia. There are buses leaving daily (80,000 MNT). The drive time typically around 36 hours with scheduled stops at road-side cafes every 4-6 hours.
There are weekly coach buses Astana, Kazakhstan and daily mini-bus service to both Almaty and Astana, Kazakhstan (requires Russian transit visa). Both cost 90,000 MNT as of 2017. You can also get a shared jeep to any soum (county) in Bayan-Olgii or to Hovd (Ховд) daily (prices vary).
Public transport to Ulaangom (Улаангом) is rare; the most common route is passing through Hovd (2 days, 8 to 14 hours of driving). Shared jeeps usually involve sharing a seat. It is best (and cheaper) to use tour guides to arrange rides on shared jeeps. Some soums are close to National Parks. Prices:
- Hovd Aimag: 20,000T
- Soums Centers(villages)
- Altay 8,000T
- Altantsogts 4,000T
- Bayannuur 12,000T
- Bugat 500T
- Bulgan 30,000T
- Buyant 7,000T
- Deluun 15,000T
- Nogoonnuur 6,000T
- Sagsai 4,000T
- Tolbo 7,000T
- Tsaagannuur 5,000T
- Tsengel 6,000T
- Ulaankhus 5,000T
Single Entry Tourist Visas can be obtained relatively easy from any of 25 Embassies and 8 Consulates (mainly in China and Russia) around the world. The requirements and fees vary by country. Americans are visa free for up to 90 days. Holders of passports from the European Union, United Kingdom, Schengen Area, Canada, Russia, Japan, Turkey, Israel, and several other countries do not need a visa for travel of less than 30 days. Citizens from Hong Kong, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Philippines, and Singapore do not need a visa for less than 90 days. Visas can take up to 7 days, with one day express processing costing double. Visa fees vary by country. Tourist visas can also be obtained upon entry to Mongolia at a number of points of entry including Chinngis Khaan International Airport in Ulaanbaatar, Sukhbaatar (Russia) and Zamiin-Uud (China) train crossings, and Altanbulag (China) and Zamiin-Uud road crossings. Foreigners can enter at Tsaagannuur in Bayan-Olgii, but must have a visa beforehand. You should have a tour operator organize your visa if you plan to use the border crossing with China in Bayan-Olgii, Dayan-Khunshanzyui (only open in summer). Tour guides can handle the visa for you. Check the below link for your country’s Mongolian Embassy:
Probably a more reliable source than the embassy website:
Picking the right Guide
This is probably the most important decision to make when visiting Mongolia. Your guide is to be your friend, translator, concierge, and host. They are not only going to be part of almost all of your experiences, but they will also affect interactions with other Mongolians. Their grasp of English is less important than their personality and understanding of the local area. We recommend picking a local guide when visiting Bayan-Olgii as opposed to Ulaanbaatar or foreign guides that might not be familiar with customs and language of local Kazakhs, Tuvans, Uriankhai, and Dorvod ethnicities.
Picking the right tour
The main categories of tour packages are personalized tours, fixed date tours, and unguided tours. The personalized tour is for individuals or groups that wish to design their own custom itinerary and dates. This tour is usually the most expensive as it requires its own guide, driver, and cook, though offers the best chance to see exactly what you want. Large groups can cost the same for customized or fixed date, though discounts are available for allowing extra people to join. Fixed dates offer a set price per person with a maximum number of guests, though the price doesn’t increase if the number is lower. The dates are usually built around specific events and ideal flight schedules, and offer the best combination of activities. Unguided tours are designed specifically for backpackers and budget travelers. These packages provide a limited number of services like stay in a ger in Olgii, ride to and from the National Parks on specific days, and help with permits, visas, and flights. For unguided tours, there is no guide or cook. Extra services like horse and camel rides or camping equipment can be arranged on a la carte basis.
Converting foreign currency into Mongolian Togrog in Olgii can be easy if you follow a few simple steps. The first is to try to convert larger bills from major currencies: US Dollar ($20 or larger), Chinese Yuan, Euro, and the Russian Rubble. Lower denominations can have different exchange rates. Next, you should try to keep your money in as pristine condition possible. Some banks will refuse any bill that has a crease. You should also be prepared to try 2 or 3 banks. If you want to exchange on a Sunday, can’t exchange at a bank, or have Kazakhstan Tengi, Korea Won, or Japanese Yen, there are money changers near the entrance of the sports palace (look for a row of small shops next to the large red dome).
ATM and Credit Cards
ATM machines accept most foreign credit and debit cards (as long as you tell your bank you are in Mongolia). The fees charged by Mongolian banks are low, though your bank may add a large fee to the transaction. All machines have English as an option and dispense Mongolian Togrog. Most shops in Olgii accept major credit cards (Visa, MasterCard, UnionPay, and sometimes American Express). Discover is not accepted anywhere in Mongolia. All tour operators, hotels, and restaurants accept credit cards.
Moneygram and Western Union are available in Olgii. Western Union is provided by XAAH БAHK (Khaan Bank) located next the government building on the square. Moneygram is available at Капитрон банк (Capitron Bank) in the far southeast end of the post office building on the square.
Like most other Asian countries, tipping is rare in Mongolia. You are not expected to tip at restaurants, bars, hotels, or taxis anywhere in Mongolia, and you should expect exact change from all of these businesses. However, you can and should tip your guide and driver. A large portion of their pay comes from tips. There is no recommended rate; tip as much as you feel is appropriate.
Unlike the ger camps and guest houses that deal exclusively with foreigners, hotels serve mainly other Mongolians. This means they usually do not serve breakfast or clean the room after each night. Mongolians prefer security over a made bed. On the other hand, they tend to have consistent hot water. You should be prepared for rooms to be out of toilet paper or other small inconveniences. Also, most hotel receptionists do not speak English. Ger camps and guesthouses tend to be much better prepared and are more likely to speak English.
Kazakh food is heavily influenced by Islam and available food sources. All meat meets Islamic Halal standards, which is similar to Kosher, except horse is allowed. Traditional meals consist of horse, goat, or sheep with dairy, flour, onions, potatoes, and spices. Meat is often boiled for several hours, or grilled until very tender. Kazakh have several delicious meat dishes. Kaz is a horse sausage that is eaten throughout the cold winter when meat preservation is important. Besbarmak (“five fingers”) and sirne are meat, vegatable and flour dishes served for large gatherings. They consume many dairy products including kumiz (fermented mare’s milk), traditional cheese, butters, and hard curds. In Olgii, you can also find Turkish, Uighur, Mongolian, and European food choices.
It is recommended that you bring any prescription drugs with you. There are pharmacies with Russian and Chinese made medications that don’t require a prescription if you absolutely have to get some meds. Olgii has a large hospital with many doctors and nurse on staff and has improved greatly over the years, though it falls well short of the standards of a developed country. Emergency flights to western quality hospitals in the capital are possible. Due to the harsh winters, there are few contagious diseases.
Mongolians and Kazakhs differ is some important areas. Kazakhs follow Islamic food and cleanliness rules closely. They do not eat pork and usually don’t drink alcohol. They also always take their shoes off inside, are almost obsessive about cleaning, and wash their hands and face several times a day. They also share many cultural customs with Mongolians. It is rude to show the bottom of your feet, touch food with your left hand, and to throw anything to a person or point at someone. You should also shake someone’s hand and say “oochlaaray” (sorry) if you step on their foot. Kazakhs, like Mongolian’s believe that they have an obligation to ensure that no one ever leaves their house hungry or thirsty. Don’t worry though, as a foreigner you will not be held strictly to all the rules, and guides will happily help you out.
Etiquette Rules for Mongolians:
Additional Travel Information: